Community Choice Aggregation

CCA Image Edit

In 2002, Assembly Bill 117 opened the door for California jurisdictions to develop Community Choice Aggregation ("CCA") programs, also known as Community Choice Energy ("CCE"). CCAs are programs that allow local governments to purchase energy on behalf of their communities, while still receiving transmission and distribution service from their existing utility provider.  For decades, Southern California Edison ("SCE") has been the sole entity that acquired power for a majority of Southern California. Through a CCA, local agencies can also become a power purchaser for consumers, which introduces a new level of competition in the energy market and expands consumer choice.

It is important to note that the CCA’s role is limited to the purchasing of power, not its delivery.  Through a CCA, SCE would continue to remain the service provider in all other steps related to the energy delivery cycle: transmission, distribution, metering, and billing.

The City of Lake Forest is not considering joining a CCA at this time. However, staff remains available to receive your questions and comments regarding CCA. If you would like to submit a question or comment, please click here.

Past Events

July 4, 2021 Pop Up City Hall (4 p.m. - 7:30 p.m.) Lake Forest Sports Park & Recreation Center
June 17, 2021 HOA Roundtable Lake Forest Civic Center
April 24, 2021 Pop Up City Hall (9 a.m. - 1 p.m.) Heroes Park
May 10, 2021 Lake Forest Town Hall: CCA 101 Presentation City Council Chambers/Zoom Meeting

Review of Orange County Power Authority

Review of Orange County Power Authority by MRW and Associates - IMAGE

Technical Assessment of CCE for City of Lake Forest

Technical Assessmentof CCE for the City of Lake Forest - IMAGE

Click below to view the Lake Forest Town Hall Presentation Deck

MRW Presentation Deck-Town Hall

Click below to access a CCA FAQ List



Community Choice Aggregation ("CCA") FlashVote Survey Results

Staff worked in conjunction with the CCA Ad Hoc Subcommittee to develop the list of five survey questions that were posed through FlashVote to attain statistically valid public input. The survey was live from Wednesday, May 19, to Friday, May 21, for approximately 48 hours. 325 total participants responded to the survey. To view the results, click here.

History of CCA Discussions in Lake Forest

In 2017, the Lake Forest City Council began discussing CCA, which enables local jurisdictions to form a separate public agency that purchases energy directly from power suppliers rather than Investor-Owned Utilities ("IOU") such as SCE.  At that time, the City Council was interested in exploring the potential formation of a CCA and monitoring developments regarding CCA’s in Orange County.  Over the next three years, the City Council continued to discuss CCA programs.  

In 2020, the City of Irvine initiated the process of formation of a CCA and invited Orange County cities that procure energy solely through SCE, to join.  The following section provides background information regarding City Council discussions and actions related to the Orange County Powers Authority (“OCPA”), the Irvine-initiated Orange County Joint Power Authority ("JPA").

Recent City Council Discussions Regarding CCA:

Over the past several months, the City Council agendized discussions about the OCPA to discuss its potential merits and receive further information. The following table summarizes key dates and direction provided by the City Council:

July 6, 2021 City Council Meeting The City Council voted 3-0-1 to table CCA discussions until further notice. 
April 6, 2021                     City Council Meeting                                        The City Council voted to approve the CCA Ad-Hoc Subcommittee's recommended engagement plan.  Staff and the CCA Ad-Hoc Subcommittee will meet and create educational materials over the next 2 months. 
February 16, 2021                           City Council Meeting The City Council voted to withdraw from the OCPA and directed staff to work with an Ad-Hoc Subcommittee focused on CCA education and outreach.  The mission of the Ad-Hoc Subcommittee is to educate residents and businesses on CCA and assess the energy goals of the community.
February 2, 2021 City Council Meeting                      The City Council directed staff to send two communications to the OCPA: a letter to the OCPA Board of Directors containing proposed JPA amendments and the transmittal of 19 questions regarding the JPA and JPA Agreement directly to OCPA staff.
January 19, 2021 City Council Meeting The City Council directed staff to work with the CCA Ad-Hoc Subcommittee to draft a letter to the OCPA that included the City’s questions and concerns related to participation in the JPA and desired amendments to the JPA agreement.
December 15, 2020                                                          City Council Meeting                                                                               The City Council voted to join the OCPA with the understanding it could withdraw from the JPA without penalty in the first quarter of 2021. The City Council also directed staff to hire an independent consultant to review energy load data, review the OCPA JPA, and advise staff on next steps.
December 1, 2020 City Council Meeting                The City Council received information on the OCPA JPA, and draft pro forma analyses. The City Council voted to agendize a CCA discussion for the following City Council meeting.
October 6, 2020 City Council Meeting                  The City Council authorized the City Manager to work with EES Consulting, the City of Irvine’s CCA consultant, to obtain load data from SCE, and reconvene for discussion at a future City Council meeting.

Joint Rate Comparisons

IOUs partner with CCAs to compare typical electric rates, average monthly charges, and generation portfolio data. Provided below are Joint Rate Comparisons ("JRC") between Pacific Gas & Electric (“PG&E”), San Diego Gas & Electric, ("SDG&E"), SCE, and CCAs.  

 Each JRC is pulled directly from its corresponding IOU website.


Service Start Date
Load (GWh)
Clean Power San Francisco PG&E Enterprise May 2016 3,315
East Bay Community Energy PG&E JPA January 2018 6,200
Marin Clean Energy PG&E JPA May 2010 5,275
Central Coast Community Energy PG&E JPA March 2018 3,202
Peninsula Clean Energy PG&E JPA October 2016 3,600
Pioneer Community Energy PG&E JPA 2018 n/a
Redwood Coast Energy Authority PG&E JPA May 2017 699
San Jose Clean Energy PG&E Enterprise September 2018 3,286
Silicon Valley Clean Energy PG&E JPA April 2017 3,898
Sonoma Clean Energy PG&E JPA May 2014 2,502
Valley Clean Energy Alliance PG&E JPA December 2016 682
King City Community Power PG&E Enterprise July 2018 35
Clean Power Alliance SCE JPA February 2018 10,295
Apple Valley Choice Energy SCE Hybrid (CCEA) April 2017 260
Lancaster Choice Energy SCE Hybrid (CCEA) May 2015 600
Pico Rivera Innovative Municipal Energy SCE Hybrid (CCEA) September 2017 220
Rancho Mirage Energy Authority SCE Hybrid (CCEA) May 2018 300
San Jacinto Power SCE Hybrid (CCEA) April 2018 170
Desert Community Energy  SCE JPA April 2020 640
Western Community Energy SCE JPA April 2020 1,285
Baldwin Park Resident Owned Utility District SCE Hybrid (CCEA) October 2020 255
Pomona Choice Energy SCE Hybrid (CCEA) October 2020 655
Solana Energy Alliance SDG&E JPA June 2018 37

"Enterprise" refers to a stand-alone (Single City) CCA, "JPA" refers to Joint Powers Authority (Multi-Agency) CCA, and "Hybrid" refers to a stand-alone CCA that utilizes the services of California Choice Energy Authority ("CalChoice").

*Rates last updated July 2021

Informational Links

  • The United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) website includes a list of advantages and challenges of CCAs.  Click here to view the website
  • CalCCA was launched in 2016 by the first five CCAs in California.  Today, its membership includes 23 CCAs operating in the state, as well as several emerging CCAs.  Its mission is to create a legislative and regulatory environment that supports the development and long-term sustainability of CCAs in California. Click here to learn more.  
  • The Growth in Community Choice Aggregation: Impacts to California's Grid is a report by the University of California, Los Angeles, Luskin Center for Innovation.  The report dated July 2018 explores the impact that the emergence of CCAs has had on grid impacts. 
  • Community Choice Aggregation: Challenges, Opportunities, and Impacts on Renewable Energy Markets is a report from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL).  NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy.  The report dated February 2019 includes discussion of the challenges, opportunities, and impacts of CCA.